A Simple Guide to Eating Healthy

Embarking on a journey towards a healthier lifestyle begins with the cornerstone of nutrition: understanding the balance of a well-rounded diet. In Australia, the beacon guiding this journey is the Australian Dietary Guidelines. This guide aims to distill the essence of these comprehensive guidelines into straightforward, actionable advice, helping you to incorporate these principles into your daily life seamlessly. While this overview offers a snapshot, diving into the full guidelines provides a deeper understanding of balanced nutrition.

The Five Pillars of a Nutritious Diet

At the heart of the Australian Dietary Guidelines lie five major food groups, each contributing uniquely to our overall health and wellness:[1]

  • Vegetables and Legumes: The staple of any nutritious diet, packed with essential vitamins, minerals, and fibre. Strive for 5 to 6 servings daily (75 grams of cooked vegetables or 1 cup of salad per serving).
  • Fruit: Packed with vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Aiming for 2 servings a day (150 grams per serving) can significantly impact your health.
  • Grains: An ample carb source that helps fuel our bodies, with a focus on whole grains to boost fibre and nutrient intake. Target 6 servings of primarily whole grains each day.
  • Dairy: A vital source of calcium for strong bones, incorporating 2.5 servings of dairy or alternatives (like 1 cup of milk, 200g of yogurt, or 40g of cheese) is recommended.
  • Lean Protein: Essential for muscle health and repair, include 2-3 servings of lean meat, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu, etc., each day (65-100 grams per serving).

Beyond the Basics

  • Limit Saturated Fats, Sugars, and Alcohol: While focusing on healthier fats and natural sweeteners, it’s also crucial to moderate alcohol consumption. These choices support a balanced diet and help in maintaining overall health.
  • Protein and Calorie Intake: For those with specific goals around muscle building or fat loss, the amount of protein and the total calorie intake might need adjustments. Factors such as body size and individual health objectives play a significant role in determining these needs. Consuming a higher amount of protein and adjusting your calorie intake, whether lower or higher, can be essential steps in achieving these goals.
  • Stay Hydrated: Proper hydration is fundamental for overall health. The general recommendation for most adults is to aim to drink about 2-3 litres of water daily, though it depends on a range of factors like overall body weight, activity levels, etc.


In following the Australian Dietary Guidelines, you take a significant step toward a healthier, more vibrant life through informed and mindful eating habits. Embracing a diet rich in variety, controlling portions, and adjusting your intake of substances like alcohol allows for a balanced approach to nutrition. It’s important to remember that individual goals, such as muscle building or fat loss, may require personalised adjustments to protein and calorie consumption, reflecting the unique needs of your body.

For those exploring deeper into nutrition’s role in achieving specific objectives, our “Nutrition Fundamentals Series” offers invaluable insights. Whether you’re aiming to fine-tune your diet for muscle gain or are on a journey to lose some excess fat, understanding the interplay of macronutrients and calories is key. Delve into “Nutrition Essentials Part 1: Macronutrients & Micronutrients” for foundational knowledge, and don’t miss “Nutrition Essentials Pt 2: How to Lose Fat and Build Muscle” to tailor your diet to your fitness goals.

If you need more in depth nutritional guidance, book a dietitian consultation with our amazing dietitian, Eleanor Thackrey, who can help with your specific needs.


[1] https://www.eatforhealth.gov.au/guidelines/guidelines